Mothers who touch their babies in their first few weeks of pregnancy may decrease the effects of stress during pregnancy to an infant’s early life development, says scientists at London’s University of Liverpool.

There has also been evidence that shows the impact of prenatal stress which may be negative on unborn baby. Some believe that children that feel the effects of stress during pregnancy are more prone to high levels of fear or anger.

Links between depression in pregnancy, infant emotions of fear and anger, heart rate responses to stress were changed, by the frequency of a mother’s touch to their babies during pregnancy and after birth. Dr. Helen Sharp from the University of Liverpool’s Institute of Psychology, health and Society, shared that the goal of the study was to find out whether it’s needed for mothers, who experienced stress during pregnancy, to touch their babies early in life.